|PROJECT INTRODUCTION AND TABLE OF CONTENTS|
Who we are...
The Realising DReAMS project (Development of Resources and Access to Municipal Services) is a 3-year action started in January 2010 which will help local governments to integrate the fields of poverty & environment. It will achieve this through introducing an environmental management tool (ecoBUDGET) and a poverty database monitoring system (PDMS) to improve living standards and reduce environmental degradation. Local communities are therefore the final beneficiaries of the project. The project, funded under the EuropeAid Programme of the European Commission, is a partnership of local and regional governments in Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Italy, the Philippines and Sweden, and ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability.
Table of contents
1 | News
2 | Introducing partners
3 | Växjö's field visit in Bohol
4 | Library
Visit the DReAMS website at dreams.ecobudget.org for the latest news.
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|WORDS FROM THE EDITOR|
DReAMS in the perspective of ecosystem services
Providing the means to efficiently and sustainably manage environmental resources is the core of ecoBUDGET. The current debate on ecosystem services is changing the understanding of ‘resources’ and thus the application of ecoBUDGET. The recent study on The Economics of Ecosystem Services and Biodiversity (TEEB) argues that ecoBUDGET carries great potential for an innovative management of ecosystem services.
|2. INTRODUCING PARTNERS|
In this section of each Newsletter two project partners give a short introduction about themselves.
The island province of Bohol, the tenth largest island of the Philippines, is located 626 km south of Manila, the country’s capital. The island has gently rolling terrain, with a maximum elevation of 870 metres above sea level. The uplands are fit for agro-forestry and high value agricultural production. The central and northern lowlands have fertile grounds and abundant water supply. Bohol’s climate is characterised by a gentle maximum rain period and no dry season. It is generally warm and dry along the coast while cold and humid in their interior areas, with an average temperature of 28 °C. Typhoons and earthquakes are rare. Maximum precipitation occurs from June to October.
Within the DReAMS project Bohol aims to achieve sustainability and the attainment of the Millennium Development Goals, namely Goal 1 and 7. In order to achieve these goals, the local state actors of the six local authorities of the Province of Bohol, namely Balilihan, Talibon, Tubigon, Jagna, and Pilar participated in a series of workshops on ecoBUDET and PDMS.
Bologna (Italy), with an area of approximately 14,000 hectares and about 380,000 inhabitants, is the capital of Emilia-Romagna, a region in Northern Italy, and it is a crucial railway and motorway junction.
|3. STUDY TOUR EXPERIENCES|
The city of Växjö visits its peer in Bohol
In November 2011 the City of Växjö together with ICLEI South East Asia paid a visit to its partner in the Philippines, Bohol. During this field visit, the representatives from Växjö had the chance to personally review the status quo of the environmental progress in different sectors of Bohol province. The first three days were dedicated to a seminar focused on environmental objectives and their integration within the financial budget. The following two days involved study visits in six municipalities. Having taken stock of the local situation, Växjö came up with several suggestions to further improve the already impressive work Bohol has carried out.
In the following paragraphs, every sector visited will be described briefly, stating the status quo and adding the suggestions made by Växjö. It was very clear for the representatives of Växjö that environmental issues are crucial for elevating the municipalities from poverty, which is why environmental work was prioritised by leading politicians.
In the area of environmental management, Växjö was impressed with Bohol’s achievements. All six municipalities have their master budgets in place and have started implementation. Here it was recognised, that follow-up beyond the project life time is highly important to ensure the good work can be carried further.
Energy production and supply is a complex thematic area. Here only the most important findings and suggestions will be outlined. First, it was noted that consumption of electricity doesn’t exist in the master budget. At this point, monitoring the current energy usage in Bohol could be a starting point. Second, the shift to renewable energy could and should also be addressed in Bohol. This could be done by designing a strategy on how to phase out fossil fuel. Another interesting path to follow would be investigating the potential of an inventory of the volumes and character of waste residuals in Bohol. The whole area of biogas production for energy needs further serious exploration. Solar energy for instance, seems to have a huge potential in Bohol, and as the technique is slowly becoming cheaper, the market and the investment opportunities in the province should be studied. Another suggestion made by the city of Växjö concerns the CO2 monitoring of traffic, which could provide politicians with data,supporting their decisions. The latter field of activity is already being explored by the provincial government of Bohol.
All in all it can be said that the field visit was a great success for both Bohol and Växjö. The latter has now a clearer picture of the environmental situation in Bohol and can tailor its support better to the province’s needs. It has indeed further strengthened the link between the two peers, now aiming at keeping up the good work even beyond the project’s life time.
Vulnerability in Developing Countries
As the term ‘vulnerability’ becomes more commonly used, quite often in reference to climate change, understanding what vulnerability really means can come in handy. This book, published by the UN University, presents several case studies dealing with vulnerability, focusing mainly on vulnerability of households to poverty, but also to ill health, food insecurity and macro-economic shocks.
If you would like to learn more about this book (ISBN: 978-92-808-1171-1) please follow this link: archive.unu.edu/unupress/2009/vulnerabilityInDevelopingCountries.html
Dr. Cristina Garzillo
ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability, European Secretariat
This document has been produced with the financial assistance of the European Union. The contents of this document are the sole responsibility of the Province of Bohol and can under no circumstances be regarded as reflecting the position of the European Union.
Published by ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability, 2011